This data set (hereafter referred to as Manga109) has been compiled by the Aizawa Yamasaki Matsui Laboratory, Department of Information and Communication Engineering, the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, the University of Tokyo. The compilation is intended for use in academic research on the media processing of Japanese manga. Manga109 is composed of 109 manga volumes drawn by professional manga artists in Japan. These manga were commercially made available to the public between the 1970s and 2010s, and encompass a wide range of target readerships and genres (see the table in Explore for further details.) Most of the manga in the compilation are available at the manga library “Manga Library Z” (formerly the “Zeppan Manga Toshokan” library of out-of-print manga).

The permission for use of the Manga109 dataset is granted by the authors of each of the works contained in the dataset, under the condition that it will be used for academic purposes at non-profit organizations, for research-related uses such as experiments and publishing academic papers. Also, among the 109 works contained in the dataset, for 87 works, permission is granted for commercial organizations. This subset of the dataset is available as the Manga109-s dataset. For details on the terms of use for Manga109 and Manga109-s, please refer to the corresponding pages.

We extend our thanks to Mr. Ken Akamatsu and to the authors for their cooperation in the creation of Manga109. We also acknowledge the support of the Strategic Information and Communications R&D Promotion Programme (SCOPE) and KAKENHI in the construction of this data set.


Reporting Errors

If you find a mistake in the annotations, please send the diff data to support_comic(a) The fix will be reflected in the next update.